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Premio Nobel per la letteratura

Il Premio Nobel per la letteratura è stato fondato nel 1901 e viene assegnato annualmente dall'Accademia svedese.

Limitatamente al genere Poesia
Anno Foto Nome Cognome Paese Lingua Motivazione Genere
1945 Gabriela Mistral Chile Spanish "for her lyric poetry, which inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world" poetry
1971 Pablo Neruda Chile Spanish "for a poetry that with the action of an elemental force brings alive a continent's destiny and dreams" poetry
1984 Jaroslav Seifert Czechoslovakia

(Born in Austria-Hungary)

Czech "for his poetry, which endowed with freshness, and rich inventiveness provides a liberating image of the indomitable spirit and versatility of man" poetry
1917 Karl Adolph Gjellerup Denmark Danish "for his varied and rich poetry, which is inspired by lofty ideals" poetry
1960 Saint-John Perse France

(Born in Guadeloupe)

French "for the soaring flight and the evocative imagery of his poetry, which in a visionary fashion reflects the conditions of our time" poetry
1923 William Butler Yeats Ireland English "for his always inspired poetry, which in a highly artistic form gives expression to the spirit of a whole nation" poetry
1995 Seamus Heaney Ireland

(Born in Northern Ireland)

English "for works of lyrical beauty and ethical depth, which exalt everyday miracles and the living past" poetry
1906 Giosuè Carducci Italy Italian "not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical force which characterize his poetic masterpieces" poetry
1959 Salvatore Quasimodo Italy Italian "for his lyrical poetry, which with classical fire expresses the tragic experience of life in our own times" poetry
1975 Eugenio Montale Italy Italian "for his distinctive poetry, which, with great artistic sensitivity, has interpreted human values under the sign of an outlook on life with no illusions" poetry
1996 Wisława Szymborska Poland Polish "for poetry that with ironic precision allows the historical and biological context to come to light in fragments of human reality" poetry
1956 Juan Ramón Jiménez Spain Spanish "for his lyrical poetry, which in Spanish language constitutes an example of high spirit and artistical purity" poetry
1977 Vicente Aleixandre Spain Spanish "for a creative poetic writing, which illuminates man's condition in the cosmos and in present-day society, at the same time representing the great renewal of the traditions of Spanish poetry between the wars" poetry
1931 Erik Axel Karlfeldt Sweden Swedish "The poetry of Erik Axel Karlfeldt" poetry
1919 Carl Spitteler  Switzerland German "in special appreciation of his epic, Olympian Spring" poetry
1948 T. S. Eliot United Kingdom

(Born in the United States)

English "for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry" poetry
1992 Derek Walcott Saint Lucia English "for a poetic oeuvre of great luminosity, sustained by a historical vision, the outcome of a multicultural commitment" poetry, drama
1966 Nelly Sachs Sweden

(Born in Germany)

German "for her outstanding lyrical and dramatic writing, which interprets Israel's destiny with touching strength" poetry, drama
1910 Paul von Heyse Germany German "as a tribute to the consummate artistry, permeated with idealism, which he has demonstrated during his long productive career as a lyric poet, dramatist, novelist and writer of world-renowned short stories" poetry, drama, novel, short story
1901 Sully Prudhomme France French "in special recognition of his poetic composition, which gives evidence of lofty idealism, artistic perfection and a rare combination of the qualities of both heart and intellect" poetry, essay
1979 Odysseas Elytis Greece Greek "for his poetry, which, against the background of Greek tradition, depicts with sensuous strength and intellectual clear-sightedness modern man's struggle for freedom and creativeness" poetry, essay
1990 Octavio Paz Mexico Spanish "for impassioned writing with wide horizons, characterized by sensuous intelligence and humanistic integrity" poetry, essay
1980 Czesław Miłosz Poland Polish "who with uncompromising clear-sightedness voices man's exposed condition in a world of severe conflicts" poetry, essay
1987 Joseph Brodsky United States

(Born in the Soviet Union)

Russian and English "for an all-embracing authorship, imbued with clarity of thought and poetic intensity" poetry, essay
1963 Giorgos Seferis Greece

(Born in the Ottoman Empire)

Greek "for his eminent lyrical writing, inspired by a deep feeling for the Hellenic world of culture" poetry, essay, memoirs
1926 Grazia Deledda Italy Italian "for her idealistically inspired writings, which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general" poetry, novel
1916 Verner von Heidenstam Sweden Swedish "in recognition of his significance as the leading representative of a new era in our literature" poetry, novel
1903 Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson Norway Norwegian "as a tribute to his noble, magnificent and versatile poetry, which has always been distinguished by both the freshness of its inspiration and the rare purity of its spirit" poetry, novel, drama
1974 Harry Martinson Sweden Swedish "for writings that catch the dewdrop and reflect the cosmos" poetry, novel, drama
1913 Rabindranath Tagore British India Bengali and English "because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West" poetry, novel, drama, short story, music, essay, philosophy, literary criticism, translation
1951 Pär Lagerkvist Sweden Swedish "for the artistic vigour and true independence of mind with which he endeavours in his poetry to find answers to the eternal questions confronting mankind" poetry, novel, short story, drama
1904 Frédéric Mistral France Provençal "in recognition of the fresh originality and true inspiration of his poetic production, which faithfully reflects the natural scenery and native spirit of his people, and, in addition, his significant work as a Provençal philologist" poetry, philology
2016 Bob Dylan United States English "for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition" poetry, songwriting
2011 Tomas Tranströmer Sweden Swedish "because, through his condensed, translucent images, he gives us fresh access to reality" poetry, translation
2013 Alice Munro Canada English "master of the contemporary short story" short story
1933 Ivan Bunin France

(Born in Russian Empire)

Russian "for the strict artistry with which he has carried on the classical Russian traditions in prose writing" short story, poetry, novel
2009 Herta Müller Germany

(Born in Romania)

German "who, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed" novel, short story, poetry
1907 Rudyard Kipling United Kingdom English "in consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration that characterize the creations of this world-famous author" novel, short story, poetry
2018 (awarded 2019) Olga Tokarczuk Poland Polish “for a narrative imagination that with encyclopedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life” novel, short story, poetry, essay